The following terms are provided to assist in the understanding of the Assessment process. These terms will help parents/guardians when discussing assessment and progress with their child and when conferencing with their child's classroom teacher.
Assessment for learning is used by teachers and students to determine where learners are in their learning, where they need to go and how best to get there. It occurs before and during instruction so that students can gain knowledge and practise skills.
Assessment as learning occurs when students reflect on what they are learning and use feedback to make adjustments and changes in what they understand. This occurs in an ongoing manner during instruction so that students can monitor their own progress towards achieving their learning goals.
Assessment of learning is the assessment that occurs at or near the end of a period of learning, and is evaluative in nature. It communicates to students and parents what students know and can do with respect to the overall curriculum expectations.
Learning Goals identify what students are expected to know and be able to do, in language that students can clearly understand. Teachers develop learning goals based on the curriculum expectations and share them with students at or near the beginning of a period of learning. Example-Grade 6 Math: I will be able to select and justify the appropriate type of graph I choose to represent a set of data.
Success Criteria describe, from a student's perspective, what successful achievement of the learning goals looks like. Success criteria are co-constructed with students so that they have ownership and understanding of what success will be.
Descriptive Feedback provides students with precise information about what they are doing well, what needs improvement, and what specific steps they can take to improve. Teachers monitor to what extent the feedback has been implemented.